Froth Flotation (Sulphide & Oxide)

Froth Flotation (Sulphide & Oxide) 2017-04-04T06:57:31+00:00
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Phosphate flotation using sea water (3 replies and 6 comments)

gallala
1 year ago
gallala 1 year ago

I would develop the treatment of phosphate with saline water.

Please let me know what you think about the use of salted sea water as process water for carbonate and siliceous phosphate beneficiation.

David
1 year ago
David 1 year ago

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gallala
1 year ago

Dear David thanks for your reply, I have seen this paper. However, I seek new studies dealing with this topic. The sea water is used currently for flotation of Cu-Mo ore and also for coal.

David
1 year ago
David 1 year ago
1 like by gallala

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gallala
1 year ago

Thanks for these interesting papers.
I look for the previous studies in order to plan the experimental tests in the laboratory of Compagnie des phosphates de Gafsa (CPG), Tunisia.

David
1 year ago

A friend at http://www.sqm.com/ says they still only use fresh water.

gallala
1 year ago

in Tunisia or in Chile?

David
1 year ago

Chile

gallala
1 year ago
Dizzy Flores
1 year ago
Dizzy Flores 1 year ago

Using sea water can have some drawbacks; first corrosion of equipment would occur unless special materials were used for the flotation vessels and secondly without large reagent additions, your flotation would be buffered at about pH 8.3. If you are using NaOH as a regulator you would first have to precipitate Mg(OH)2 and CaCO3 before achieving any effect and these salts would coat the phosphate giving other problems. What reagents are you using?

There are already some projects of phosphate flotation with saline water in South America. Akzo Nobel has developed flotation collectors to remove silica from phosphate ores using sea water as process water. The utilisation of sea water in mining plants has been increasing in countries like Chile, Bolivia and Peru.

Does this exist for carbonate phosphate. In which type of phosphate the saline water is effective siliceous or carbonate phosphate?The reagents used for flotation are amine and ester. However, the sea water is used Cu-Mo ore and coal in industrial flowsheet. The use of saline or seawater for the beneficiation of phosphate ore is well practiced in Peru and Mexico. The primary gangue that is floated is usually silica and this is commercially achieved using amine collectors on their own. The use of fatty acid collectors normally means an increase in the number of reagents (pH modifier + saponified FA) being used and the conditioning steps (higher solids content than amines) required.

If the gangue mineral is mainly composed of silica(liberated silica) you can do a size by size analysis and see if you can get rid of some part of the silica by classification either in vibrating screen and/or cyclones before flotation. This is generally used in Peruvian phosphate beneficiation plants and salt water is used during classification. You would need desalinated (RO water) for your reagent system and filtration wash water. If there is carbonate minerals involved another carbonate flotation circuit may be required. Alternatively you may reduce the carbonate content of the silica flotation circuit phosphate concentrate by a kiln after filtration and drying.
The gangue mineral is constituted mainly by carbonates (Calcite or dolomite). These need supplementary treatment. This work was done with AkzoNobel's collectors: https://is.gd/pNPOuV  https://is.gd/49y4XH

The sea water is also used for carbonate phosphate flotation https://is.gd/vgtY98

In which process the sea water is effective (for carbonate or siliceous phosphate) or useful for the two types.
It is most likely that the phosphate mineral is apatite or fluoro-apatite. Naturally physical adsorption of the selected collector will be required for flotation of phosphate or other minerals (so-called reverse flotation - depending upon the mineral). Water quality is usually critical in these types of separations however the Vale operation in Peru uses seawater, with multiple washing with de-salinated seawater of the phosphate concentrate (lowers chloride levels). 

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