Hydrometallurgy: Leaching in Heap, Vat, CIL, CIP, Merrill–Crowe, SX Solvent Extraction

Hydrometallurgy: Leaching in Heap, Vat, CIL, CIP, Merrill–Crowe, SX Solvent Extraction 2017-04-04T06:57:36+00:00
  • To participate in the 911Metallurgist Forums, be sure to JOINLOGIN
  • Use Add New Topic to ask a New Question/Discussion about Hydrometallurgy.
  • OR Select a Topic that Interests you.
  • Use Add Reply = to Reply/Participate in a Topic/Discussion (most frequent).
    Using Add Reply allows you to Attach Images or PDF files and provide a more complete input.
  • Use Add Comment = to comment on someone else’s Reply in an already active Topic/Discussion.

increasing gold recovery (3 replies)

Nyasha Jawanda
11 months ago
Nyasha Jawanda 11 months ago

hello guys...im a metallurgy student currently attached at a heap leach practicing company mining oxide ores(low grade ores).we use cyanide for the leaching process and carbon in the adsorption section..we are currently experiencing  low recoveries and im researching on how we can actually increase our gold recovery. lixiviant properties  -   cyanide =0.03%

                                                      ph    =10.5 to 11 

Bill Fraser
11 months ago
Bill Fraser 11 months ago


  • what is your head grade?
  • What were your recoveries before VS now?
  • Have you looked for organic carbons in your feed?
  • What have you measured so far?

The more details you give us, the better we can help you.

louis turrietta
10 months ago
louis turrietta 10 months ago

have any clay in the heap

10 months ago
ThabisoKwenane 10 months ago
1 like by Bill Fraser

Check if your cyanide distribution into the heap is even. Also check your particle size distribution. You don't want to have the same size of particles throughout your heap. A varying distribution will help in your cyanide to penetrate through the heap and will also avoid what is called channelling (cyanide moving in only one path from top to bottom). Try to also install oxygen pipes in your heap. I think that might also help since oxygen is a very critical factor in cyanidation. Perhaps oxygen from the air is not that sufficient. 

The cyanide concentration that you using I am very happy with it only if your head grade is above 5g/t. Your pH is highly acceptable.

If you struggle with the abovementioned solutions, do a lab scale test work. Build a small heap then simulate what you guys are doing outside at the big heap, and vary your cyanide concentration and oxygen concentration to check which one best suit your ore.

Please join and login to participate and leave a comment.

BUY Laboratory & Small Plant Process Equipment

We have all the laboratory and plant equipment you need to test or build/operate your plant.

ENTER our Mining Equipment' Store

We Sell EQUIPMENT for all types of Mineral Treatment PROCESSES and Laboratory Testing needs

Have a Mineral Processing QUESTION?

Come in, ask your question

911Metallurgist Community Forums

Talk to other metallurgists and be helped.


We can IMPROVE ALL PLANTS / Mineral Processing Engineering & LABORATORY Ore Testing

911Metallurgy Engineering

Contact us for process engineering, metallurgical investigations, plant optimization, plant troubleshooting, needs. WE “FIX” METALLURGY.