Hydrometallurgy: Leaching in Heap, Vat, CIL, CIP, Merrill–Crowe, SX Solvent Extraction

Hydrometallurgy: Leaching in Heap, Vat, CIL, CIP, Merrill–Crowe, SX Solvent Extraction 2017-04-04T06:57:36+00:00
  • To participate in the 911Metallurgist Forums, be sure to JOINLOGIN
  • Use Add New Topic to ask a New Question/Discussion about Hydrometallurgy.
  • OR Select a Topic that Interests you.
  • Use Add Reply = to Reply/Participate in a Topic/Discussion (most frequent).
    Using Add Reply allows you to Attach Images or PDF files and provide a more complete input.
  • Use Add Comment = to comment on someone else’s Reply in an already active Topic/Discussion.

Leaching of gold ore containing mercury (5 replies and 1 comment)

8 months ago
Wadzanayi 8 months ago

I would like to know how I can modify the cyanidation process to leach a gold ore which has got the following characteristics:

 Au grade 3-4 g/t 

 Hg grade  1-2.5 g/t

 Cu, As,Sb grades: trace

FeS: trace

The ore has produced unsatisfactory results after milling to 85%  passing 75 microns and processing in a CIP plant under the conditions of  49% solids,pH 8,NaCN  1kg/ton and 24 hours residence time.

8 months ago
Aminpro 8 months ago

It would have been nice to hear some more about this ore.  I see there are sulphides in the ore.  Have you tried flotation? or leaching the pyrite with sulfuric to then leach it with CN?


8 months ago

The process is as follows
crushing and milling down to 80% passing 75 microns to liberate the gold. The gravity circuit is as follows:
1. Mill discharge is then passed over a 12 inch Knelson concentrator
2. KC concentrates are processed in an amalgam barrel using mercury
3.KC tails( grind of 65% passing 75 microns are deposited on a makeshift slimes dam)
4.KC tails are then transported to a toll treatment facility
5. Tails from amalgamation usually with an assay grade of around 300g/t Au and 2 g/t Hg are periodically feed into the CIP plant to recover the gold contained through intensive leaching

The ore leaches quite statisfatorily ( head grade 2.7-3 g/t Au tail- 0.4-0.54 g/t Au) but the gold doesnt show in the final product

8 months ago
Rheomet 8 months ago

It appears that the pH is way too low at 8. This causes quick depletion of cyanide, even though your are adding plenty upfront...about one quarter of that (0.5 g/L free NaCN should suffice, if maintained). I suggest that you bring the pH up to 10.5-11 with lime. If does not work, it could also be due to the grind being too coarse. Best would be to run 3 bottle roll tests, one as it is now (pH 8, 2 g/L NaCN, 75 microns) and two at pH 10.5-11, 0.5 g/L NaCN, at two grind-sizes, 75 microns and 50 microns.

 Good luck.


Vault Dweller
8 months ago
Vault Dweller 8 months ago

Yummy, Mercury - Out of interest what recovery configuration will you use? 

7 months ago
moka97 7 months ago

I am asking about gold amalgam freezing with chemical additives to increase gold extraction? what is this types of chemicals ?  

7 months ago
Auexplorer 7 months ago

I am curious, Please excuse my question, Why the amalgamation circuit when grinding to 75 micron, seems like an extra circuit. Any free_mill material would be caught in the grinding and classification circuit and viable for direct smelt. Again, please excuse my question. I have a similar ore.


Please join and login to participate and leave a comment.

BUY Laboratory & Small Plant Process Equipment

We have all the laboratory and plant equipment you need to test or build/operate your plant.

ENTER our Mining Equipment' Store

We Sell EQUIPMENT for all types of Mineral Treatment PROCESSES and Laboratory Testing needs

Have a Mineral Processing QUESTION?

Come in, ask your question

911Metallurgist Community Forums

Talk to other metallurgists and be helped.


We can IMPROVE ALL PLANTS / Mineral Processing Engineering & LABORATORY Ore Testing

911Metallurgy Engineering

Contact us for process engineering, metallurgical investigations, plant optimization, plant troubleshooting, needs. WE “FIX” METALLURGY.