iron ore

Beneficiation of Iron Ore

Beneficiation of Iron Ore and the treatment of magnetic iron taconites, stage grinding and wet magnetic separation is standard practice. This also applies to iron ores of the non-magnetic type which after a reducing roast are amenable to magnetic separation. All such plants are large tonnage operations treating up to 50,000 tons per day and ultimately requiring grinding as fine as minus 500-mesh for liberation of the iron minerals from the siliceous gangue.

Magnetic separation methods are very efficient in making high recovery of the iron minerals, but production of iron concentrates with less than 8 to 10% silica in the magnetic cleaning stages becomes inefficient. It is here that flotation has proven most efficient. Wet magnetic finishers producing 63 to 64% Fe concentrates at 50-55% solids can go directly to the flotation section for silica removal down to 4 to 6% or even less. Low water requirements and positive silica removal with low iron losses makes flotation particularly attractive. Multistage cleaning steps generally are not necessary. Often roughing off the silica froth without further cleaning is adequate.Flotation Beneficiation of Iron Ore

The Iron Ore Process Flowsheet

The iron ore beneficiation flowsheet presented ….Read more

Hematite Processing by Flotation

Direct shipping of high grade iron ore, because of depletion or partial depletion of reserves, or high costs of operation has forced operators to use some means of beneficiation to produce an acceptable product with the lower grade iron ore reserves.

Deposits of comparatively lower grade iron ore that remain relatively untouched or by-passed, are now most important because of increase in consumer demands. Deposits of comparatively low grade specular hematite amenable to beneficiation by flotation have produced concentrates superior in grade to direct shipping ores.

Low grade deposits containing specular hematite (Fe2 O3) as the major iron mineral as low as 25% Fe can be treated with “Sub-A” Flotation to produce concentrates that average better than 62% Fe with less than 9% SiO2 and with a high recovery.

Selective Flotation of Hematite Hematite Beneficiation Process

The Flowsheet for Hematite Benefication Process by Flotation 

The above flowsheet has been developed to produce a high grade product economically with maximum recovery. Due to the flexibility of Units and especially the “Sub-A” Flotation Machine, gravity flow can be utilized throughout the mill, thus keeping pumping requirements to a minimum.

Following initial test work for Ford Motors, a Pilot Plant was installed. A ….Read more

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