Water occupies a dual role in our industrial society. It is the indispensable raw material, essential to life itself. It is equally an industrial nuisance, interfering with the production of industrial minerals, making construction difficult, flooding valuable land, and generally producing problems because it is in the wrong place at the critical time.
Gravel or Water
The valley of the Ohio River is underlain by deposits of gravel, sand, silt and clay. Generally, coarse, clean, sands and gravels underlie the silts and clays. The river itself is controlled by a series of navigation dams and the channel is dredged occasionally as the needs of navigation are recognized and met.
In many places, along the bank of the river, well fields have been constructed. The water derived from such well fields is usually water that originated in the Ohio River and passed through the underlying sands and gravels until it reached the well, in the process, the water has been filtered and naturally purified/ and is bacteriologically safe without further treatment. The result is a low-cost water supply of excellent quality and computable quantity.
The well fields so established do not operate at uniform offtake rates the year around. From time to time,