Molybdenite Leaching Kinetics

High temperature-high pressure techniques have long been used to great advantage in the organic chemical industry, the petroleum industry, and the paper industry. Only recently, however, have these methods been used to extract metals from their ores on a commercial scale. The Chemical Construction Corp., together with interested producers of nickel and cobalt, has done … Read more

Grinding Energy Transfer by Impact

The transfer of kinetic energy of translation into other forms of energy by impact is a fundamental process in most crushing and grinding operations. During and after the impact process the original source energy may be accounted for in any of the following possible forms: Kinetic energy of translation of both the impacted and impacting … Read more

Ultrasonic Desliming

Ultrasonics can be used to deslime and upgrade ores, such as tungsten and tin, which slime excessively with high losses of value in the tailing and are difficult to deslime with conventional methods. Experimental work has been performed with a test-tube size ultrasonic classifier. Larger equip- ment and further testing would be necessary to ascertain … Read more

Gallium Purification

The acid leaching technique has been reported to produce gallium in which no impurities are detectable spectroscopically. Zone-refining, however, appears very effective in removing trace metallic impurities, but comparatively ineffective in removing the surface oxide film. The low melting point and relatively high thermal conductivity of gallium introduce some difficulty in maintaining frozen and molten … Read more

Hydrometallurgy of Uranium

During the radium boom in the early part of the twentieth century, the basic chemistry of uranium was fairly well defined. Uranium production has progressed from the status of a radium byproduct to a very important industry. With the ever increasing need for more efficient and cheaper methods of processing uranium ores, new techniques are … Read more

Flotation Contact Angle

In the use of free bubbles with precise temperature control and continuous pH measurement, the contact angle apparatus differs from all previous equipment. Experimental procedures differ sharply from the captive bubble method of introducing the gaseous phase in the three-phase system. When freed from the tube and captured by a solid surface, a bubble more … Read more

Equipotential Prospecting – Circular Line Electrode

Sphalerite, the ore mineral in this area, occurs with a considerable amount of marcasite. In general the higher the percentage of sphalerite in the ore, the higher the percentage of marcasite; however, there may be mineralized zones high in marcasite but low in sphalerite. Orebodies in general are relatively narrow and elongated. The point surface … Read more

Increase Rotary Kiln Efficiency by Refractory Design

Among the many factors involved in rotary kiln efficiency, advantageous use of refractories is of major importance. So far as kiln lining alone is concerned durability is most significant, as shutdowns for repairs are costly in fuel consumption and production losses. Aside from selection of refractories best suited to the widely varying conditions under which … Read more

Measure Heavy Slurry Density

In the mineral industry measurement of density or specific gravity of slurries is often necessary or highly desirable. To date the most successful method of measuring the specific gravity of various media is to hand weigh a constant volume sample of the slurry. This method is time-consuming, however, and is intermittent rather than continuous. Most … Read more

Laboratory Recovery of an Oxidized Lead Mineral

For several years work has been carried on by the U.S. Bureau of Mines at Rolla, Mo., to develop improved methods of concentrating the oxidized ores of lead and zinc. Various samples have been investigated, and results on some have been published. Preliminary Examination: The sample on which the following experimental work was conducted consisted … Read more