Titanium Vanadium Cobalt Alloys

Results of the study of titanium binary and ternary alloys containing vanadium and cobalt show that: Vanadium additions up to 16 weight-percent were insufficient to completely retain beta on water-quenching. Cobalt additions up to 4 weight-percent do not affect retention of the beta phase on water quenching Ti-V-Co alloys containing up to 16 weight-percent vanadium. … Read more

How to Prepare High Purity Yttrium

This report does not constitute a finished investigation. Its purpose is to report on the status of current reduction studies and to demonstrate that high-purity ductile yttrium metal can be prepared by metallic reduction of yttrium chloride. Although both lithium and sodium have proved to be effective reductants, no conclusions can be reached on which … Read more

Phosphate Rock Properties

Three fundamental methods are employed in decomposing phosphate rock: Reduction by carbon at high temperature. Treatment with one or more acids. Calcination or fusion with silica, sodium salts, magnesium minerals, or small quantities of phosphoric acid. The products derived from phosphate rock by these treatment methods may be divided into the following live broad groups: … Read more

Nitric Acid Oxidation Rates of Coal

Coals ranging in rank from lignite to anthracite, cokes carbonized at temperatures ranging from 520° to 1,180° C., and synthetic polymers have been oxidized by the standard method, that is, by boiling in 8-normal nitric acid. Some of these materials were also oxidized by one or two modifications of the standard method. Although the fusain … Read more

How to Process Gold Ores by Heap Leaching & Carbon Adsorption Methods

The heap leach cyanidation carbon adsorption electrowinning process developed has proved to be an economical method for exploiting low-grade gold ores and small isolated deposits not suitable for treatment by conventional cyanidation procedures. Heap leaching may be the most profitable method for processing selected gold and silver ores that do not require fine grinding and … Read more

Sodium Chloride in Explosives

Based on the analysis of the W50 values of 65 permissible-type formulations, with and without added sodium chloride of various particle sizes, it was concluded that: The addition of sodium chloride to an explosive has a highly significant effect in reducing its probability of igniting firedamp. Addition of small amounts of sodium chloride (about 3 … Read more

Determining Lime Magnesia and Titania in Slags

Standard methods of analysis for calcium and magnesium are involved and time consuming and generally require considerable analytical skill. Investigation of possible alternatives more suitable for rapid routine application led to a procedure developed for the rapid determination of calcium, magnesium, and iron in limestone, in which these cations are determined by a series of … Read more

Vacuum Distillation – Remove Volatile Metals

The rate of evaporation of a volatile metal from a metallic solution containing less volatile metals is determined by its partial pressure and its diffusivity. The concentration of a volatile metal will be less at the surface than in the interior of the metal; it will adjust itself to keep the rate of diffusion and … Read more

How to Reduce Titanium Tetrachloride

This investigation has demonstrated that finely divided titanium metal, titanium lower chlorides, or a mixture thereof can be produced at a temperature between 105° and 205° C. in a continuous operation. The relative quantities of metallic titanium and lower chlorides produced by the reaction are dependent upon the ratio of the feed materials used. For … Read more

Hot Potassium Carbonate Absorption

Hot carbonate purification will remove hydrogen sulfide from gas mixtures of low or high concentration of this component. The presence of some carbon dioxide in the feed gas is necessary for regeneration of the solution. Carbon dioxide aids in decomposing the bisulfide and retards formation of potassium sulfide. Carbonyl sulfide is hydrolyzed by the hot … Read more