Bond Impact Crushing Work Index -Procedure and Table of Crushability

Bond Impact Crushing Work Index -Procedure and Table of Crushability

Sizing a crusher can be done reliably calculated thanks to the Impact/Crushing Work Index and the testwork research done by Fred Chester Bond and his 1952 paper.  According to Bond’s Third Theory of Comminution, the work/energy input is proportional to the new crack tip length created during particle breakage and equivalent to the work represented by the product – the feed.Bond Work Index Formula-Equation

A crude test procedure description of this Crushability test follows in that rock samples smaller than 75 mm but greater than 50 mm are placed 2 “hammers” of 13.6 kg each and mounted to swing on bicycle wheels.  Both hammers of the “pendulum” will impact the smallest measured side on the rock.  The hammers are set to fall again from a higher drop position to input enough energy to break the rock.  This is done 10 times to obtain 10 breaks and the WI (kWh/t) = 53.49 x Impact Crushing Strength / Specific Gravity of the sample. **

Find a referential Rod Mill Work Index Table here.

Also seen is: crushing work index formula



Size a Crusher

bond impact crushing work index tester

Compare and Understand Rod/Ball/Impact-Crushing/Abrasion BOND Work Index

The test determines the Bond Impact Work Index which is used with Bond’s Third Theory of Comminution to calculate net power requirements when sizing crushers*. It is also used to determine the required open-side settings (jaw crushers and gyratory crushers) or closed-side settings (cone crushers) for a given product size.

  • P80 = 25400 x Oss x (0.04Wi + 0.40)
  • P80 = 25400 x Css x 7Ecc x (0.02Wi + 0.70) / (7Ecc – 2Css)

         Where Oss = Open-side setting in inches
         Css = Closed-side settings in inches
         Ecc = Eccentric throw in inches
         P80 = Aperture through which 80% of the product will pass.
           Wi = Work Index

The impact apparatus consists of two pendulum-mounted hammers, mounted on two bicycle wheels so as to strike equal blows simultaneously on opposite sides of each rock specimen. The height that the pendulum is raised is increased until the energy is sufficient to break the specimen.

Feed Sample Requirements: At least 10 pieces of minus 3” plus 2” ore (20 pieces recommended).
Also see another procedure and Work Index result table.

Here a Summary Table of several crushing work index tests performed by ‘others’ including old Nordberg.

Bond Crushing Work Index

This type of test is Standard, but I consider the go-to place for hardness testing management.


*A.G. Doll, R. Phillips and D.J. Barratt