Crushing & Screening

Crushing Cavity Design

In these times of rising labor and material costs, it has become more and more necessary that attention be paid to some operating details which, in their obscurity, may be the key to major economies. Liner wear in crushing cavities of secondary and tertiary crushers can become an appreciable cost item when the material to … Read more

Laboratory Crushing Tests

Crushing has always been a major operation in the chemical and metallurgical industries, yet little is known about the theory of crushing, and today, the design of crushers is still based almost entirely on empirical knowledge and accumulated practical experience. In view of the increasing national need for the economic working of poorer grades of … Read more

Two-Way Belt Conveyor Transportation

Since 1920 use of belt conveyor transportation has increased steadily, and capacity in tons per hour per unit has increased at about the same ratio. Belt conveyor systems for simultaneous two-way material transportation have been widely discussed, but heretofore have proved impractical for specific operations. The two-way belt conveyor for coal mine service is not … Read more

Rock Breaking Machine

Anthracite Small power-driven, toothed, cast-iron rolls were used first to break anthracite in 1844. Prior to that time, men with hammers, who stood on perforated cast-iron plates, broke the large lumps into commercial sizes. In order to convert run-of-mine into the various sizes required by the anthracite industry, about 20 million tons must be broken, … Read more

Rock Hardness & Drilling

A survey of the technical literature concerned with oil well drilling methods and particularly with rate of penetration by various cutting media on different types of rock provides a mass of conflicting data. This is especially true with respect to, (1) the relative efficiency of diamond, rotary and percussion drilling operations; (2) the costs of … Read more

Tramp Iron Detector for Conveyor Belts

The problem of tramp iron removal from moving ore belts is a long standing one. When heavy ore streams are carried on a belt, magnetic pulleys and strong surface magnets fail to remove tramp buried in the ore stream. Tramp iron buried in the ore stream cannot be pulled from the bed by surface magnets … Read more

How to Control Dust in Crushing Plant

In 1947 an Industrial Hygiene Department was organized to represent and assist the four western mining divisions in industrial hygiene problems. Department headquarters are located at the Utah Copper Division, Magna Plant, Magna, Utah, with a branch office at the Chino Mines Division, Hurley, N. M. The headquarters staff includes a director, a department secretary, … Read more

Screening Equipment

Sizing is the process of separating mixed particles into groups of particles all of the same size, or into groups in which all particles range between certain definite maximum and minimum sizes. In coal preparation, sizing is generally accomplished by passing the coal over screens. Separation by differential settling in air or water currents has … Read more

Belt Conveyor Design

Idlers: Due to the efforts of the Conveyor Equipment Manufacturers Association, the basic idler elements—idler roll wall thickness, bearing sizes and shaft sizes—have been standardized into classes. There is also a substantial dimensional commonality as well. Belting: Again, the rubber manufacturers have standardized, either by agreement through industry associations, or by following the leader and … Read more

How to Measure the Tensile Strength of Rocks

Principle and equipment are the same as for the test for tensile strength of hydraulic-cement mortar. The test specimen has the shape of a briquet. While in the original cement mortar test the briquet is cast in a special mold, it is prepared from rocks in different ways, depending on how easily they can be … Read more