Understanding the 5 Water Sources – Know your Water

Identifying a water source is the first step in water filtration, understanding the source allows us to break it into categories. Here are the main five water sources: Municipal Ground water (well) Surface water Lake River Stream (creek) Shallow well Rainwater Seawater Municipal supply: This can be confusing for some, the city of Los Angeles … Read more

Water in Mining

Why Mining needs Water & How is Water Used Water plays an important role in most mining and extractive processes. Understanding the main uses of water, the quantity and quality of water that arc required for each use, and the water losses associated with each use are the first steps in making decisions on how … Read more

We’re in Compliance, but the Fishes are Dead

The Water Diaries STORY 1: BIGASS COMPANY IS IN COMPLIANCE, BUT THE FISH ARE DEAD Background BAM (BigAss Mine) completed construction in the early 00’s and started mining and processing. BAM is located somewhere south or east of the border. Maybe South America, maybe Siberia, definitely not Australia, good blokes there, eh. The BigAss Mine … Read more

How to Read a Water Report

Here is the importance of understanding your water report, this applies to well water, lake water and of course city water quality report. You don’t need a science degree to understand the principles of a water report, start by narrowing it down to the main objective. Today we’ll focus on how to read a well … Read more

Mining Company Stops Killing Fishes

Background: As we learned in Part 1, Bigass Mining (BAM) Company had just finished construction and had started mining and milling operations. The BAM tailings management facility (TMF) was designed as a non-discharge facility but was discharging. The TMF had odor, foam issues at the discharge point and the receiving water stream that happened to … Read more

World Bank & Extractive Industries – Mining

World Bank Background Makeup The World Bank is composed of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank Group (WBG) incorporates the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) with the two banks. … Read more

Design Selenium Removal Plant – Mine Water Treatment

One objective of this study was to determine the critical parameters needed for designing of a plant to remove selenium from the mine leachate. While development of a full-scale engineering design was beyond the scope of the present study, the following design elements were evaluated: A) Loading of the Alumina to the Adsorbers B) Backwashing … Read more

Zeolites to Remove Heavy Metals from Water

Most natural zeolites now being produced are used in low tech applications such as horse stall deodorizers, aquarium filters, and animal adsorbents. Characterization of Natural Zeolites: Before any uses or applications of zeolites to the recovery of heavy metals from mining or metallurgical effluents can be seriously considered it is necessary to characterize the zeolite … Read more

Passive Mine Drainage Treatment Systems

A Passive Mine Drainage Treatment Systems helps treat contaminated coal mine drainage to meet EPA and State water quality requirements. Approach A model (fig. 1) is presented for selecting, designing, and sizing one or several passive mine drainage treatment systems that can be used in remediation of abandoned mine lands (AML). The three principal types … Read more

How to shock a well for bacteria

How to properly shock a well for coliform or e.coli bacteria is a question that comes up on a daily basis. So I’ll go through a few steps on how to do it correctly. Step #1 Flush well for 10 minutes, longer if well is over 150ft deep. Step #2 Size your well. Your well … Read more