Some countries are richer and more developed than other, but who rules the podium when it comes to the mining industry? Most will mine using the most basic gold mining equipment available to rich Nations.

1. South Africa

Photo: Laura SA

Photo: Laura SA

The country has more than $2.5 trillion in mineral reserves, deserving the title of world’s richest nation by “commodity wealth”, according to a Citigroup report.

2. Russia

Photo: Mcvld

Photo: Mcvld

The nation’s iron ore reserves are worth $794 billion.

3. Australia

Photo: Bäras

Photo: Baras

The country is the world’s second-largest supplier of seaborne ore, with reserves valued at $737 billion.

4. Ukraine

Photo: Berihert

Photo: Berihert

The iron ore deposits belonging to Ukraine are worth $510 billion.

5. Guinea

Photo: Laura Lartigue

Photo: Laura Lartigue

The country’s bauxite (aluminium ore) reserves are worth $222 billion.