In 1910, the Committee of the Chemical, Metallurgical and Mining Society of South Africa, appointed to investigate cyanide poisoning, recommend as an antidote to Cyanide Poisoning the following:
- Thirty cc of a 23 per cent, solution of ferrous sulphate.
- Thirty cc of a 5 per cent, solution of caustic potash.
- Two grams of powdered oxide of magnesium (light).
In every cyanide-room there should be kept three boxes, containing—
- A metal receptacle to hold about a pint, and a spoon.
- A blue hermetically sealed phial, containing 30 cc of a 33 per cent, solution of ferrous sulphate.
- A white phial, hermetically sealed, containing 30 cc of caustic potash.
- A packet of oxide of magnesium (light).
Preparation of Antidote
Quickly empty the contents of the blue phial, of the white phial, and of the magnesia package into the metal receptacle, and stir well with the spoon. This should be done as rapidly as possible, as the patient’s chance of life depends on promptness.
Administration of the Antidote
If the patient is conscious, make him swallow the mixture at once and lie down for a few minutes. If the patient is not conscious, place him on his back and pour the mixture down his throat in small quantities, if ….Read more